Page 6 - TURKISH INFINITIVES and ENGLISH INFINITIVES or ENGLISH GERUNDS - YUKSEL GOKNEL
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INFINITIVES or GERUNDS

            kapı-ım".  The  "verb-[mek,  mak]"  infinitives  are  timeless  as  the  other  in-
            finitives are, but they are  not  used in compounds. For instance *“onun git-
            mek-i” is not used in Turkish; the “verb-[me, ma]” infinitives are used ins-
            tead.

              WHERE TURKISH INFINITIVES AND ENGLISH INFINITIVES OR GERUNDS ARE USED

            Watch  carefully  where  infinitives  or  gerunds  are  used  in  place  of  Turkish
            infinitives in the following sentences. Brown underlined words are subject
            complements.

            1 (a). The [mek, mak] allomorphs, which turn verbs into infinitives (nouns),
            can be used in the subject position in a sentence. They are timeless and
            have no personal possessive allomorphs attached to them.

            Yürü-mek sağlık için yararlı-dır. (“Yürü-mek” is an infinitive “subject”.)
            (yü*rü*mek / sağ*lık / i*çin / ya*rar*lı*dır ↷)
            Walk-ing is good for health. (“Walk-ing is a nominal gerund “subject”.)

            Sigara iç-mek zararlı-dır.  (The subject is an infinitive.)
            (si*ga*ra / iç*mek / za*rar*lı*dır ↷)
            Smok-ing is harmful. (The subject is a nominal gerund.)

            Gün-de sekiz saat uyu-mak sağlıklı bir kişi için yeterli-dir. (Infinitive)
            (gün*de / se*kiz / sa*at / u*yu*mak / sağ*lık*lı / bir / ki*şi / i*çin /
            ye*ter*li*dir↷)
            Sleep-ing eight hours a day is enough for a healthy person. (Gerund)

            Bütün gün televizyon seyret-mek zaman kaybı-dır. (Infinitive)
            (bü*tün / gün / te*le*viz*yon / sey*ret*mek / za*man / kay*bı*dır ↷)
            Watch-ing television all day long is a waste of time. (Gerund)

            O-/n/u ikna et-mek kolay-dır. (Infinitive)
            (o*nu / ik*na: / et*mek / ko*lay*dır ↷)
            To convince him is easy. (Infinitive)

            1 (b).The same [mek, mak] infinitives are also used before “yerine”
            and “için” postpositions:

            Televizyon seyret-mek yerine iş-in-i yap.
            (te*le*viz*yon / sey*ret*mek / ye*ri*ne / i*şi*ni / yap ↷)
            Do your work instead of watch-ing television.

            The gerunds “watch-ing”, “work-ing ”, and “go-ing” are the objects of the pre-
            position “instead of”. However, when the gerunds are used together with the
            preposition “istead of”, their function becomes adverbial.


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