Page 15 - TURKISH INFINITIVES and ENGLISH INFINITIVES or ENGLISH GERUNDS - YUKSEL GOKNEL
P. 15

INFINITIVES or GERUNDS

            Biz-im takım kazan-ma-/y/ı hak et-ti. (“kazan-ma” is an infinitive.)
            (bi*zim / ta*kım / ka*zan*ma*yı / ha*ket*ti ↷)
            Our team deserved to win. (“to win” is a nominal infinitive.)

            Eski araba-amız-ı sat-ma-/y/ı ertele-di-ik.
            (es*ki / a*ra*ba*mı*zı / sat*ma*yı / er*te*le*dik ↷)
            We postponed sell-ing our old car. (“Sell-ing” is a nominal gerund.)

            “Araba-amız-ı” is the definite object of “sat-ma”; “eski araba-amız-ı sat-ma-
            /y/ı” is the definite object of “ertele”.

            Yüz-me-/y/i bana baba-am öğret-ti.
            (yüz*me*yi / ba*na / ba*bam / öğ*ret*ti ↷)
            My father taught me to swim. (“to swim” is a nominal infinitive.)

            Biz-im-le Bursa’/y/a git-me-/y/i kabul et-ti. (Liaison)
            (bi*zim*le / bur*sa*ya / git*me*yi / ka*bu:*let*ti ↷)
            He agreed to go to Bursa with us. (“To go” is a nominal infinitive.)

            Hırsız kasa-/y/ı aç-ma-/y/ı dene-di.
            (hır*sız / ka*sa*yı / aç*ma*yı / de*ne*di ↷)
            The thief tried open-ing the safe. (“Open-ing” is a nominal gerund.)

            Yeni bir araba al-ma-/y/ı düşün-üyor-uz.
            (ye*ni / bir / a*ra*ba / al*ma*yı / dü*şü*nü*yo*ruz ↷)
            We are considering buy-ing a new car.
            Note:  The Turkish underlined words are all infinitives.

            2 (c). The verbs that need “noun + infinitive” compounds followed
            by [e], or [a] allomorphs:

            Baba-am,    futbol maç-ı-/n/a git-me-em-e  izin ver-di.
               subject          (noun compound - [e])  adverbial phrs            verb
            My father allowed me to go to the football match.

            Baba-am, kızkardeş-im-in gece yalnız sinema-/y/a git-me-/s/i-/n/e  kız-dı.
               subject         possessive noun        adv       adv         adverbial              owned-/n/e          verb
                                       (noun + infinitive compound + [e]) adverbial phrase
            My father got angry about my sister’s go-ing to the cinema alone at night.

            Baba-am, araba-/s/ı-/n/ı kullan-ma-am-a hiç izin ver-me-iyor.
            (ba*bam / a*ra*ba*sı*nı / kul*lan*ma*ma / hiç / i*zin / ver*mi*yor ↷)
            My father is never allowing me to use his car.



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