Page 12 - TURKISH INFINITIVES and ENGLISH INFINITIVES or ENGLISH GERUNDS - YUKSEL GOKNEL
P. 12

INFINITIVES or GERUNDS

            Böyle    davran-ma-an-ı    anla-ma-ıyor-um.
             adverb          definit object                      verb           subj
                                         predicate
            I don’t understand your behave-ing like that.

            (Ben) (o/n/-dan)  (Ben-im) siyah pantolon-um-u  (o-/n/un) ütüle-me-/s/i-/n/i   rica   et-ti-im.
              subj     adverbial    possessive              owned-u              possessive           owned        indef obj    verb
                                     definite noun comp (obj of “ütüle”)     def noun comp (obj of “rica et”)
                                                       definite object                                     definite object
                                                              (chain noun compound) definite object

            The mental development of this last sentence contains two simple senten-
            ces:

            1 . O ben-im siyah pantolon-um-u ütüle-sin.  2. Ben ondan bu-/n/u rica ettim.

            The first simple sentence is transformed and nominalized as “o/n/un ben-im
            siyah pantolon-um-u ütüle-me-/s/i”, and then it is embedded and used in
            place of the object “bu-/n/u” in the second sentence:

            (Ben) o/n/-dan (benim) siyah pantolon-um-u (onun) ütüle-me-/s/i-/n/i rica et-ti-im
            (si*yah / pan*to*lo*nu*mu / ü*tü*le*me*si*ni / ri*ca: / et*tim ↷)
            I asked her to iron my black trousers.

            “Ben”, “benim” and “onun” words are optional because they are understood
            from the suffixes in “etti-/im/", "pantolon-um” and “ütüle-me-/s/i.

            Mary’/n/in    piyano çal-ma-/s/ı-/n/ı  seyret-ti-im.
            possessive                           owned                        |           |
              (noun compound) definite object                            verb     subj
                                                  predicate
            (ma*ri*nin / pi*ya*no / çal*ma*sı*nı / sey*ret*tim ↷)
            I watched Mary play-ing the piano.
            (The /n/, /s/ and /n/ glides are respectively used.)

            (Sen-in)   ev-e  dön-me-en-i bekle-iyor-um.  (e*ve / dön*me*ni)
                 possessive  adverb        owned-i              |              |
                 (noun compound) definite object         verb       subj
                                             predicate
            I am waiting for your com-ing back home.

            Konuş-ma-/s/ı-/n/ı anla-ma-ıyor-um.
            (ko*nuş*ma*sı*nı / an*la*mı*yo*rum ↷)
            I don’t understand his way of speak-ing.
            (The /n/, /s/ and /n/ glides are respectively used.)



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