Page 11 - TURKISH INFINITIVES and ENGLISH INFINITIVES or ENGLISH GERUNDS - YUKSEL GOKNEL
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INFINITIVES or GERUNDS

            All  the  shared  identical  “e-e”,  “a-a”  vowels  combine,  and  the  single
            underlined  consonants  detach  from  their  syllables  and  attach  to  the  first
            vowels of the following allomorphs.

            Note: All the owned personal allomorphs written in purple above mean the
            possessive  pronouns  in  brackets.  Therefore,  only  the  possessive  allo-
            morphs  written  in  purple  can  be  used  in  all  Turkish  sentences.  For
            instance,  all  the  possessive  allomorphs  written  in  purple  can  be  used
            instead of the possessive pronouns that they represent.

            In  other  words,  as  the  owned  personal  allomorphs  used  in  the  owned
            parts  of  a  compound  are  enough  to  express  the  possessive  pronouns
            (ben-im, sen-in, etc.), these possessive pronouns may be ignored unless
            they are thought to be necessary to attract the listener’s attention.

            Since the compounds like “ben-im söyle-me-em” are noun compounds, they
            are nominal phrases, and so the [i, ı], [e, a], [de, da], [den, dan] and [le, la]
            suffixes can be attached to the infinitive (owned) parts of the compounds:

            “söyle-me-en-i”,  “söyle-me-en-e”,  “söyle-me-en-de”,  “söyle-me-en-
            den”,  “söyle-me-en-le”.  All  the  allomorphs  written  in  purple  mean  the
            pronoun “sen-in”.

            Baba-am (ben-im) daha çok “çalış-ma-am-ı” iste-iyor. (is*ti*yor)
              subject          (definite noun + infinitive comp) object               verb
            My father wants me to study harder. (“Me” and “to study” are the objects of “want”)

            A  final  rule  to  add  to  the  previous  explanations  is  that  in  Turkish,  certain
            verbs need certain morphemes such as [İ], [E], [DE], [DEN] or [LE] attached
            to nouns or pronouns. The allomorphs of these morphemes can also be at-
            tached to infinitives, or “noun + infinitive” (or “infinitive + noun”) com-
            pounds, which might be named as syntactic nouns or nominal phrases.

            2(b).The  verbs  that  take  “noun  +  infinitive”  compounds  as  ob-
            jects:

            “noun + infinitive” - [İ]

            Yağmur,    (biz-im)       zaman-ın-da    tiyatro-/y/a   git-me-emiz-i  engelle-di.
              subject  possessive pronoun       adverbial                adverbial                 owned                  verb
                                      (definite noun + infinitive compound) definite object
            (yağ*mur  /  bi*zim  / za*ma:*nın*da  /  ti*yat*ro*ya  / git*me*mi*zi / en*gel*le*di ↷)

            The rain    prevented    us    from go-ing    to the theatre    in time.
              subject             verb          object     prep phrs              prep phrs            prep phrs
                                                                    adverbial                adverbial             adverbial


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