Page 10 - LINKING VERBS IN ENGLISH AND TURKISH - YUKSEL GOKNEL
P. 10

LINKING VERBS IN ENGLISH AND TURKISH

            (ucu, uca, ucun, uçta, uçtan); yurt (yurdu,  yurda,  yurdun,  yurtta,  yurttan);
            kurt  (kurdu,  kurda,  kurdun,  kurtta,  kurttan);  tat  (tadı,  tada,  tadın,  tatta,
            tattan).


            When [İ] or [E] morphemes come after the nouns ending with vowels, the /y/
            linking semivowels (glides) are inserted between these two  vowels to  pro-
            vide harmonious links:

            Testi  (tes*ti*/y/i, tes*ti*/y/e); araba  (a*ra*ba*/y/ı, a*ra*ba*/y/a); tarla (tar*-
            la*/y/ı,  tar*la*/y/a);  salata  (sa*la*ta*/y/ı,  sa*la*ta*/y/a);  martı  (mar*tı*/y/ı,
            mar*tı*/y/a);  tava  (ta*va*/y/ı,  ta*va*/y/a);  teneke  (te*ne*ke*/y/i,  te*ne*ke-
            */y/e);  makara  (ma*ka*ra*/y/ı,  ma*ka*ra*/y/a);    kundura  (kun*du*ra*/y/ı,
            kun*du*ra*/y/a);  kafa (ka*fa*/y/ı, ka*fa*/y/a);  su (su*/y/u, su*/y/a).

            When  the  nouns  ending  with  vowels  are  attached  to  the  possessive  per-
            sonal  allomorphs  of  [İN],  ♫  [in,  ın,  ün,  un],  which  are  used  in  the  “pos-
            sessive” parts of the noun compounds, the /n/ glides are inserted between
            the two vowels, such as:

            araba-/n/ın    ⟶   (a*ra*ba*nın)
            testi-/n/in      ⟶   (tes*ti*nin)
            ordu-/n/un    ⟶   (or*du*nun)

            öykü-/n/ün    ⟶   (öy*kü*nün)
            sergi-/n/in     ⟶   (ser*gi*nin)
            kafa-/n/ın      ⟶    (ka*fa*nın)
            makara-/n/ın ⟶   (ma*ka*ra*nın)

            The syllables written in bold face above are stressed.

            However,  when  pronouns  are  used  in  the  possessive  position,  they  are
            surffixed by the possessive [im, in, un, im, in, ın] allomorphs:

            ben-im  (be*nim)  my,    sen-in  (se*nin)  your,  o/n/-un  (o*nun)  his,  her,  its,
            biz-im (bi*zim) our,  siz-in (si*zin) your, o/n/-lar-ın (on*la*rın) their.
            Note:  The  single  underlined  consonants  in  the  examples  above  show  the
            consonants that detach from their syllables, and attach to the first vowels of
            the following allomorphs to change the morphemes into syllables.

            Exception su (su*/y/un).  Example: (a*ra*ba*nın / hı*zı), (su*yun / hı*zı)




                                             10
   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15