Page 10 - ENGLISH ADVERBIAL CLAUSES AND TURKISH ADVERBIAL PHRASES
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ENGLISH ADVERBIAL CLAUSES AND TURKISH ADVERBIAL PHRASES

            The boys   will go  out    to play football    after the bell rings.
                subject           verb       adv       prep phrs of cause       adverbial clause of time
                                                                                 predicate

            Bitir-dik-ten sonra kompozisyon-um-u teslim et-ti-im.
            (bi*tir*dik*ten / son*ra / kom*po*zis*yo*nu*mu / tes*lim / et*tim ↷)
            After I had finished, I handed in my composition.

            Onlar çık-tık-tan sonra çalış-ma-/y/a başla-dı-ım.
            (on*lar / çık*tık*tan / son*ra / ça*lış*ma*ya / baş*la*dım ↷)
            I began to study after they (had) left. (“To study” is an infinitive.)

            İstanbul’-dan ayrıl-dık-tan sonra sana bir mektup yaz-acak-ım.
            (is*tan*bul*dan / ay*rıl*dık*tan / son*ra / sa*na / bir / mek*tup /
            ya*za*ca*ğım↷)  I will write you a letter after I leave İstanbul.

            Bir çift yeni ayakkabı al-dık-tan sonra ev-e git-ti.
            (bir / çift / ye*ni / a*yak*ka*bı / al*dık*tan / son*ra  / e*ve / git*ti ↷)
            She went home after she (had) bought a new pair of shoes.

            Emekli ol-duk-tan sonra bir köy-de yaşa-ma-/y/a başla-dı.
            (e*mek*li / ol*duk*tan / son*ra  / bir / köy*de / ya*şa*ma*ya / baş*la*dı ↷)
            He began to live in a village after he (had) retired.

            Okul-dan ayrıl-dık-tan sonra ne yap-acak-sın?
            (o*kul*dan  / ay*rıl*dık*tan / son*ra / ne↝ / ya*pa*cak*sın↝)
            What will you do after you leave (have left) school?

            Duş yap-tık-tan sonra yat-tı.
            (duş / yap*tık*tan / son*ra / yat*tı ↷)
            He went to bed after he had (had) a shower.

            Konser bit-tik-ten sonra bir restoran-a git-elim.
            (kon*ser / bit*tik*ten / son*ra / bir / res*to*ra*na / gi*de*lim ↷)
            Let us go to a restaurant after the concert is over.

            WHEN and WHILE

            To transform a simple Turkish sentence into a “when” clause, “verb- ♫[ince,
            ınca,  ünce,  unca]”  adverbial  phrase  is  used.  The  [İNCE]  morpheme  is  a
            suffix that is attached to verb roots, stems or frames to express the concept
            of “when” of the English language. Likewise, the [İRKEN] morpheme, which
            has  the  allomorphs  of  ♫  [irken,  ırken,  ürken,  urken,  erken,  arken],  is



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